## Exam-Style Questions on Calculus## Problems on Calculus adapted from questions set in previous Mathematics exams. |

## 1. | IB Studies |

A function is given as \(f(x)=3x^2-6x+4+\frac3x,-2\le x \le 4, x\ne 0\).

(a) Find the derivative of the function. (b) Find the coordinates of the local minimum point of \(f(x)\) in the given domain using your calculator.## 2. | IB Studies |

Consider the graph of the function \(f(x)=7-3x^2-x^3\)

(a) Label the local maximum as A on the graph.

(b) Label the local minimum as B on the graph.

(c) Write down the interval where \(f(x)>5\).

(d) Draw the tangent to the curve at \(x=-3\) on the graph.

(e) Write down the equation of the tangent at \(x=-3\).

## 3. | IB Standard |

The graph of \(f(x)=8-x^2\) crosses the x-axis at the points A and B.

(a) Find the x-coordinate of A and of B.

(b) The region enclosed by the graph of \(f\) and the x-axis is revolved 360^{o} about the x-axis. Find the volume of the solid formed.

## 4. | IB Standard |

The acceleration, \(a\) ms^{-2} , of an object at time \(t\) seconds is given by

The object is at rest when \(t=1\).

Find the velocity of the object when \(t=7\).

## 5. | IB Standard |

Let \(f(x)=\frac{2x}{x^2+3}\)

(a) Use the quotient rule to show that \(f'(x)=\frac{6-2x^2}{(x^2+3)^2}\).

(b) Find \(\int \frac{2x}{x^2+3}dx\).

(c) The area enclosed by the graph of \(f(x)\), the x-axis and the lines \(x=\sqrt3\) and \(x=n\) has an area of \(\ln14\). Find the value of \(n\).

## 6. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Find:

$$ \int^{16}_9 \frac{6-2\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{x}} dx $$by first writing the algebraic fraction in the form \(ax^b+c\).

## 7. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

(a) Find \(\int (4x+5) dx\).

(b) Given \(f'(x) = 4x+5\) find \(f(x)\) if \(f(3.4) = 10.12\).

## 8. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Given that \( \frac{dy}{dx} = \sin(x + \frac{\pi}{3})\) and \(y = 5\) when \(x = \frac{8\pi}{3}\), find \(y\) in terms of \(x\).

## 9. | A-Level |

(a) Find \( \frac{dy}{dx} \) when:

$$ y= (7-5x^2)^{ \frac12 } $$(b) Find the following integral:

$$ \int (1 - cos3x) dx$$## 10. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

A particle moves in a straight line. During the first nine seconds the velocity, \(v\) ms^{-1} of the particle at time \(t\) seconds is given by:

$$ v(t) = t \cos(t+5) $$

The following diagram shows the graph of v:

(a) Find the maximum value of \(v\).

(b) Find the acceleration of the particle when t = 6.

(c) Find the total distance travelled by the particle.

## 11. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The diagram below shows part of the graph of \(y = \dfrac{2x}{9-x^2}\)

The shaded region is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the line \(x = c\)

The area of this region is \(\ln{2}\)

Find the value of \(c\).

## 12. | IB Studies |

Consider the function \(f(x)=6 - ax+\frac 3{x^2},x\neq 0\)

(a) Write down the equation of the vertical asymptote of the graph of \(y=f(x)\).

(b) Write down \(f'(x)\)

The line T is the tangent to the graph of \(y=f(x)\) at the point where \(x=1\) and it has a gradient of -8.

(c) Show that \(a=2\).

(d) Find the equation of T.

(e) Using your calculator find the coordinates of the point where the graph of \(y=f(x)\) intersects the x-axis.

(f) The line T also intersects \(f(x)\) when \(-2\le x\le 0\). Find the coordinates of this intersection.

## 13. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider the function \(f\) defined by \(f(x)= \ln{(x^2 - 9)}\) for \(x > 3\).

The following diagram shows part of the graph of \(f\) which crosses the x-axis at point \(A\) with coordinates \((a,0)\).

The line \(L\) is the tangent to the graph of \(f\) at the point \(B\) with coordinates \((b,c)\). The gradient of \(L\) is \( \frac14\)

(a) Find the exact value of \(a\).

(b) Find the value of \(b\).

## 14. | IB Standard |

If \(f(x)=x\sin{x}\), for \(-3\le x\le3\)

(a) Find \(f'(x)\)

(b) Sketch the graph of \(y=f'(x)\), for \(-3\le x\le3\)

## 15. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The function \(f\) is defined by \(f(x) = 8 - 5 \sin{x} \), for \( x \ge 0 \).

The diagram shows part of the graph of \(y = f (x) \).

The shaded region is enclosed by the graph of \(y=f(x)\) and the x-axis for the first three periods of the function.

(a) Find the exact value of the x-coordinate of the right side of the shaded region.

(b) Show that the area of the shaded region is \( 48 \pi \).

A hemisphere has a total surface area in square centimetres equal to the shaded area in the previous diagram.

(c) Find the radius of the hemisphere.

## 16. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The function \(f\) is defined for all \(x \in \mathbb{R}\). The line with equation \(y=5x+3\) is the tangent to the graph of \(f\) at \(x = 2\)

(a) Write down the value of \(f'(2)\).

(b) Find \(f(2)\).

The function \(g\) is defined for all \(x \in \mathbb{R}\) where \(g(x) = x^3 - 3x\) and \(h(x) = f(g(x)) \).

(c) Find \(h(2)\).

(d) Hence find the equation of the tangent to the graph of \(h\) at \(x = 2\).

## 17. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider the cubic function \(f(x)=\frac{1}{6}x^3-2x^2+6x-2\)

(a) Find \(f'(x)\)

The graph of \(f\) has horizontal tangents at the points where \(x = a\) and \(x = b\) where \( a < b \).

(b) Find the value of \(a\) and the value of \(b\)

(c) Sketch the graph of \(y = f'(x)\).

(d) Hence explain why the graph of \(f\) has a local maximum point at \(x = a\).

(e) Find \(f''(b) \).

(f) Hence, use your answer to part (e) to show that the graph of \(f\) has a local minimum point at \(x = b\).

(g) Find the coordinates of the point where the normal to the graph of \(f\) at \(x = a\) and the tangent to the graph of \(f\) at \(x = b\) intersect.

## 18. | IB Applications and Interpretation |

The following diagram shows part of the graph of:

$$f (x) = \frac{(9 + 4x) (6 - x)}{10}, x \in \mathbf R$$The shaded region A is bounded by the x-axis, y-axis and the graph of \(f\).

(a) Write down an integral for the area of region A.

(b) Find the area of region A.

The three points A (0 , 0) , B (6 , 9) and C (p , 0) define the vertices of a triangle.

(c) Find the value of p, the x-coordinate of C , such that the area of the triangle is equal to the area of region A.

## 19. | IB Studies |

Consider the function \(f(x)=x^3-9x+2\).

(a) Sketch the graph of \(y=f(x)\) for \(-4\le x\le 4\) and \(-14\le y\le 14\) showing clearly the axes intercepts and local maximum and minimum points. Use a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis, and a scale of 1 cm to represent 2 units on the y-axis.

(b) Find the value of \(f(-1)\).

(c) Write down the coordinates of the y-intercept of the graph of \(f(x)\).

(d) Find \(f'(x)\).

(e) Find \(f'(-1)\)

(f) Explain what \(f'(-1)\) represents.

(g) Find the equation of the tangent to the graph of \(f(x)\) at the point where x is –1.

R and S are points on the curve such that the tangents to the curve at these points are horizontal. The x-coordinate of R is \(a\) , and the x-coordinate of S is \(b\) , \(b \gt a\).

(h) Write down the value of \(a\) ;

(i) Write down the value of \(b\).

(j) Describe the behaviour of \(f(x)\) for \(a \lt x \lt b\).

## 20. | IB Standard |

Consider the graph of the function \(f(x)=x^2+2\).

(a) Find the area between the graph of \(f\) and the x-axis for \(2\le x \le 3\).

(b) If the area described above is rotated 360^{o} around the x-axis find the volume of the solid formed.

## 21. | IB Standard |

Let \(f(x)=\frac{g(x)}{h(x)}\), where \(g(3)=36\), \(h(3)=12\), \(g'(3)=10\) and \(h'(3)=4\). Find the equation of the normal to the graph of \(f\) at \(x=3\).

## 22. | A-Level |

(a) Express the algebraic fraction

$$ \frac{6x^2 - 47x + 49}{(5-x)(1-2x)} $$in the form

$$A + \frac{B}{5-x} + \frac{C}{1-2x} $$where \(A\), \(B\) and \(C\) are integers.

(b) Hence show that the following integral equates to 3.03 correct to three significant figures.

$$ \int^{0.25}_0 \frac{6x^2 - 47x + 49}{(5-x)(1-2x)} dx $$## 23. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The displacement, in millimetres, of a particle from an origin, O, at time t seconds, is given by \(s(t) = t^3 cos t + 5t sin t\) where \( 0 \le t \le 5 \) .

(a) Find the maximum distance of the particle from O.

(b) Find the acceleration of the particle at the instant it first changes direction.

## 24. | IB Standard |

The function \(f\) is defined as follows:

$$f(x)=\frac{122}{1+60e^{-0.3x}}$$(a) Calculate \(f(0)\).

(b) Find a value of \(x\) for which \(f(x)=85\)

(c) Find the range of \(f\).

(d) Show that:

$$f'(x)=\frac{2196e^{-0.3x}}{(1+60e^{-0.3x})^2}$$(e) Find the maximum rate of change of \(f\).

## 25. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider the functions

$$f(x) = m-x^2 - 2xn - n^2$$ $$g(x) = \frac{e^x}{e^2} + \frac{m}{2}$$where \(m, n \in \mathbb R\)

(a) Find \( f'(x)\).

(b) Find \( g'(x)\).

The graphs of \(f\) and \(g\) have a common, non-vertical tangent at \(x=3\).

(c) Find expressions for \(m\) and \(n\) in terms of \(e\).

## 26. | IB Standard |

The following diagram shows part of the graph of \(y=f (x)\)

The graph has a local maximum where \(x=- \frac23\), and a local minimum where \(x=4\).

sketch the graph of \(y=f'(x)\) for \(-4\le x \le 7\)

Write down the following in order from least to greatest: \(f(2),f'(4)\) and \(f''(4)\).

## 27. | IB Standard |

Make a sketch of a graph showing the velocity (in \(ms^{-1}\)) against time of a particle travelling for six seconds according to the equation:

$$v=e^{\sin t}-1$$(a) Find the point at which the graph crosses the \(t\) axis.

(b) How far does the particle travel during these first six seconds?

## 28. | IB Standard |

Find the value of \(a\) if \(\pi \lt a \lt 2\pi\) and:

$$ \int_\pi^a sin3x dx = -\frac13$$## 29. | IB Standard |

This graph represents the function \(f:x\to a \cos x, a\in \mathbf N\)

(a) Find the value of \(a\).

(b) Find the area of the shaded region.

## 30. | IB Standard |

Find \(f(x)\) if \(f'(x)=6 \sin2x\) and the graph of \(f(x)\) passes through the point \((\frac{\pi}{3},11)\).

## 31. | IB Standard |

A particle P moves along a straight line. The velocity \(v\) in metres per second of P after \(t\) seconds is given by \(v(t) = 3\sin{t} - 8t^{\cos{t}}, 0 \le t \le 7\).

(a) Find the initial velocity of P.

(b) Find the maximum speed of P.

(c) Write down the number of times that the acceleration of P is 0 ms^{-2}.

(d) Find the acceleration of P at a time of 5 seconds.

(e) Find the total distance travelled by P.

## 32. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider the functions \(f(x)=\sin(x) \text{ and } g(x) = \tan(x+\frac{\pi}{2})\) in the region where \(\frac{\pi}{2}\le x \le \pi\)

The graphs \(y=f (x)\) and \(y = g(x)\) intersect at a point A whose x-coordinate is \(a\).

(a) Show that \(\sin^2{a}=-\cos{a}\).

(b) Hence, show that the tangents to the curves at A intersect at right angles.

Find the value of \(\cos(a)\). Give your answer in the form \( \dfrac{a + \sqrt{b}}{c} \).

## 33. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The curve \( y=\sin(\sqrt{x}) \text{ where } x \ge 0 \) intersects the x axis at the points \(x_0, x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4, ... \) and \(x_0 = 0\).

(a) Find \(x_1\), the first x-intercept of the function to the right of the origin. Give your answer in terms of \(\pi\).

(b) Find an expression for the nth x-intercept of the curve, in terms of \(\pi\).

(c) By using an appropriate substitution, show that:

$$ \int \sin(\sqrt{x}) \; dx = 2\sin(\sqrt{x}) - 2 \sqrt{x} \cos(\sqrt{x})$$The area of the region bounded by the curve and the x-axis is denoted by \(R_n\) where:

$$ R_n = \int^{x_{n+1}}_{x_n} y \; dx$$(d) Calculate the area of region \(R_n\) giving your answer in terms of \(\pi\).

(e) Hence, show that the areas of the regions bounded by the curve and the x-axis, form an arithmetic sequence.## 34. | A-Level |

The diagram shows a sketch of the curve C with equation:

$$ y=2x^{\frac32}-4x+3 $$The point P with coordinates (4, 3) lies on C.

The line L is the tangent to C at the point P.

The region A, shown shaded, is bounded by the curve C, the line L and the y-axis.

Find the area of A making your method clear.

Note that solutions based entirely on graphical or numerical methods are not acceptable.)

## 35. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The function \(f\) is such that \(f(x) = \frac{\ln2x}{x^3} \) where \(x \gt 0\).

(a) Find the first derivative of the function, \( f'(x) \).

(b) The graph of \( y=f(x) \) has a horizontal tangent at the point T. Find the coordinates of T.

(c) Show that T is a local maximum point by considering the second derivative, \( f''(x) \).

(d) Find the values of \(x\) for which \( f(x) \gt 0 \).

(e) Sketch the graph of \( f \) showing clearly the value of the x-intercept and the approximate position of point T.

## 36. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider the function \(f\) defined by \(f(x) = 25e^{x-5}\) for \(x \in \mathbb{R}^+\).

(a) Find the coordinates of the points where the graph of \(f\) intersects the line \(y=x\).

The line \(L\) has a gradient of \(-1\) and is a normal to the graph of \(f\) at the point \(R\).

(b) Find the exact coordinates of \(R\).

(c) Show that the equation of the line \(L\) is \(y=-x+6- \ln{25}\).

(d) Find the area of the region enclosed by the graph of \(f\) and its inverse.

## 37. | IB Standard |

The following diagram shows the graph of \(f(x) = \cos(e^x) \; \text{for} \; 0 \le x \le 0.5\).

(a) Find the x-intercept of the graph of \(f(x)\).

The region enclosed by the graph of \(f(x)\), the y-axis and the x-axis is rotated 360° about the x-axis.

(b) Find the volume of the solid formed.

## 38. | A-Level |

The following equation defines a curve which passes through \( A( 2 \pi ,3 \pi)\)

$$ \sin 2y + y \cos^22x = x + c $$(a) Find the exact value of the constant \( c \).

(b) Find an expression for \( \frac{dy}{dx} \)

(c) Find the equation of the normal to the curve at A, giving your answer in the form \(y = mx + b \)

## 39. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Find \(f(x)\) if:

$$ f'(x) = \frac{12x}{\sqrt{3x^2+4}}$$given that \(f(0) = 10 \)

## 40. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Let \(f(x) = \frac{ln3x}{kx} \) where \( x \gt 0\) and \( k \in \mathbf Q^+ \).

(a) Find an expression for the first derivative \(f'(x) \).

The graph of \(f\) has exactly one maximum point at P.

(b) Find the x-coordinate of P.

The graph of \(f\) has exactly one point of inflection at Q.

(c) Find the x-coordinate of Q.

(d) The region enclosed by the graph of \(f\), the x-axis, and the vertical lines through P and Q has an area of one square unit, find the value of \(k\).

## 41. | IB Studies |

Consider the function \(f(x)=\frac{20}{x^2}+kx\) where \(k\) is a constant and \(x\neq0\).

(a) Write down \(f'(x)\)

The graph of \(y = f(x)\) has a local minimum point at \(x=2\).

(b) Show that \(k=5\).

(c) Find \(f(1)\).

(d) Find \(f'(1)\).

(e) Find the equation of the normal to the graph of \(y=f(x)\) at the point where \(x=1\)

Give your answer in the form \(ay+bx+c=0\) where \(a, b, c \in \mathbb{Z}\)

(f) Sketch the graph of \(y=f(x)\) , for \(-5\le x\le 10\) and \(-10\le y\le 50\).

(g) Write down the coordinates of the point where the graph of \(y=f(x)\) intersects the x-axis.

(h) State the values of \(x\) for which \(f(x)\) is decreasing.

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