Exam-Style Questions on Mensuration
Problems on Mensuration adapted from questions set in previous Mathematics exams.
A bricklayer estimates the number of bricks he will need to build a wall by dividing the area of the wall by the area of the face of a brick.
The wall is 16 metres long and 1.2 metres tall.
The bricks he will use are each 25 centimetres long and 12 centimetres tall.
Calculate an estimate for the number of bricks the bricklayer will need to build the wall.
The diagram above of part of the wall is not drawn to scale.
The diagram shows a water tank in the shape of a cylinder. It has a diameter of 76cm anf a height of 36cm.
It is filled at the rate of 0.3 litres per second. How long does it take to completely fill the tank?
[1 litre = 1000 cm3]
A builder needs to lift a steel block. It is a cuboid with dimensions 2 m by 0.2 m by 0.2 m. Steel has a density of 7.6 g/cm3.
The builder's lifting gear can lift a maximum load of 500 kg. Can the lifting gear be used to lift the steel block?
Justify your decision.
[The surface area of a sphere of radius \(r\) is \(4\pi r^2\) and the volume is \(\frac43\pi r^3\)]
A solid metal sphere has a radius of 7.5 cm.
(a) Calculate the volume of the sphere to the nearest cubic centimetre.
(b) Calculate the surface area of the sphere to the nearest square centimetre.
(c) If one cubic centimetre of the metal has a mass of 4.9 grams calculate the mass of the sphere to three significant figures.
(d) Two of these spheres are placed in the water in a cylindrical tank with base diameter 32cm. Before they were lowered in the depth of the water was 19cm. Calculate the new depth of water in the cylinder when the spheres are fully submerged.
A circular dart board has radius of 30 cm.
(a) Calculate the area of the front face of the dart board in cm2, giving your answer as a multiple of \(\pi\).
(b) The volume of the dart board is 4500\(\pi\) cm3. Calculate the thickness of the dart board.
A batch of coins is made from an alloy consisting of 270g of copper mixed with 90g of nickel.
(a) Work out the volume of copper used in the alloy.
(b) What is the density of the alloy to three significant figures?
Find the value of \(x\).
A yellow equilateral triangle has been painted on a purple sector. The side OC is 20cm and OA is 12cm. Calculate the area of the purple region ABCD as a percentage of the area of the whole sector OCD.
The diagram is not drawn to scale.
A circle is drawn inside a square so that it touches all four sides of the square.
(a) If the sides of the square are each \(k\) mm in length and the area of the red shaded region is \(A\) mm2 show that:$$4A=4k^2-\pi k^2$$
(b) Make \(k\) the subject of the formula \(4A=4k^2-\pi k^2\)
Find the length of the sides of a square from the following clues:
Give your answer in centimetres to three significant figures.
Twenty four spherical shaped chocolates are arranged in a box in four rows and six columns.
Each chocolate has a radius of 1.2 cm.
(a) Find the volume of one chocolate.
(b) Write down the volume of 24 chocolates.
The 24 chocolates fit perfectly in the box with each chocolate touching the ones around it or the sides of the box.
(c) Calculate the volume of the box.
(d) Calculate the volume of empty space in the box.
(e) What percentage of the contents of the box is chocolate?
The three sides of an equilateral triangle are tangents to a circle of radius \(r\) cm. The sides of the triangle are each 10cm long.
(a) Calculate the value of \(r\).
The second diagram shows a box in the shape of a triangular prism of length 15cm.
The cross section is an equilateral triangle with sides of length 10cm.
(b) Calculate the volume of the box.
The box contains cookies. Each cookie is a cylinder of radius 2.8cm and height 5mm.
(c) Calculate the largest number of cookies that will fit in the box.
(d) Calculate the volume of one cookie in cubic centimetres.
(e) Calculate the percentage of the volume of the box not filled with cookies.
A square has sides of length \(x\) cm.
The equilateral triangle next to it has sides which are each 3cm more than the length of a side of the square.
(a) Find the perimeter of the square if it is equal to the perimeter of the triangle.
The diagram above show the same square and triangle.
The length of the diagonal of the square is \(d\) cm and the height of the triangle is \(h\) cm.
(b) Which has the greater value, \(d\) or \(h\)?
The diagram, drawn to scale, shows a right-angled triangle ABC.
Construct using a ruler and a pair of compasses a rectangle, DEFG, equal in area to the area of the triangle ABC and with DE the same length as AB.
You must show all your construction lines.
Three crayons are held together with an elastic band. The diagram below shows the end of the crayons and the elastic band.
Each of the crayons has diameter of 10 mm. Find the length of the elastic band in this position
(a) Find the area of a regular octagon if the distance from its centre to any vertex is 10cm.
(b) If the octagon had been cut from a piece of square card that was only just large enough, work out the area of the original square piece of card.
(c) A table top is made in the shape of a regular octagon with sides five times as long as the card model. Find the ratio of the area of the table top to the area of the card model.
Five identical circles fit exactly inside a rectangle as shown in the diagram.
Find the area of the rectangle in terms of \(r\), the radius of the circles.
The volume of a cone can be calculated using the formula \(V=\frac13 \pi r^2 h \) and the area of the curved surface of a cone can be calculated using \(A= \pi r l\) (where \(r\) is the radius and \(l\) is the slant height).
(a) Calculate the volume of this frustum;
(b) Calculate the total surface area of this frustum.
Harper mixes 300g of material \(X\) and 150g of material \(Y\) to make 450g of a compound material.
Material \(X\) has a density of 20g/cm3.
Material \(Y\) has a density of 15g/cm3.
Work out the density of the compound material.
The diagram shows a water tank in the shape of a trapezoidal prism.
Winthrop begins filling the tank with a hose pipe. After 30 minutes there are 900 litres of water in the tank. How many more minutes will it take until the tank is half full? ( \( 1m^3 = 1000 \) litres )
|IB Analysis and Approaches|
A metal sphere has a radius 7.2 cm.
(a) Find the volume of the sphere giving your answer in standard form.
The sphere is to be melted down and remoulded into the shape of a square-based pyramid with a height of 10.3 cm.
(b) Find the length of one side of the pyramid's square base to the nearest millimetre.
A solid metal cylinder has a base radius of 5cm and a height of 9cm.
(a) Find the area of the base of the cylinder.
(b) Find the volume of the metal used in the cylinder.
(c) Find the total surface area of the cylinder.
The cylinder was melted and recast into a solid cone with a circular base radius, OB (where O is the centre of the circle), of 7cm. The vertex of the cone is the point C.
(d) Find the height, OC, of the cone.
(e) Find the size of angle BCO.
(f) Find the slant height, CB.
(g) Find the total surface area of the cone.