## Exam-Style Questions.## Problems adapted from questions set for previous Mathematics exams. |

## 1. | GCSE Higher |

Here is triangle PQR:

Work out the length of PQ.

Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place.

## 2. | GCSE Higher |

Consider the triangle ABC where AB=17cm, AC=14cm and the angle BAC = 118^{o}. Find the length of BC.

## 3. | GCSE Higher |

The angle marked \(x\) in the diagram below is obtuse. Find the value of \(x\)

## 4. | IB Studies |

The Tamarack triathlon race consists of swimming, cycling and running. Competitors swim from A to B, then cycle from B to C and finally run from C back to A.

Angle ACB is 22^{o}.

It takes Walter 10 minutes and 20 seconds to cycle from B to C at a speed of 29kmh^{-1}.

(a) Find the distance from B to C in kilometres.

The distance from C to A is 4 kilometres. Running this part of the course takes Walter 25 minutes.

(b) Calculate the speed, in kilometres per hour, that Walter runs from C to A.

(c) Calculate the distance, in kilometres, from A to B.

(d) Calculate the total distance, in kilometres, of the triathlon course.

(e) Find the size of angle ABC.

(f) Calculate the area of the triathlon course bounded by the lines AB, BC and CA.

## 5. | GCSE Higher |

Rectangle ABCD is the horizontal base of a trapezoidal prism ABCDEFGH.

EF is parallel to AB. BC = 20cm, DC = 150mm, GC = 74mm, HG = 86mm and AE = BF.

(a) Find the size of angle ABF.

(b) Show that FD = 242 mm correct to 3 significant figures.

## 6. | GCSE Higher |

The area of triangle ABC (not drawn to scale) is

$$ \frac{35 \sqrt{3}}{4} m^2$$If AB = \(x+2\) metres and AC = \(2x+1 \) metres, find the value of \(x\).

## 7. | GCSE Higher |

Four congruent triangles come together to make a square as shown in the diagram. The ratio of the area of one triangle to the area of the square is 1:5. Find the area of the square in square centimetres.

## 8. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows the positions of three towns, Aberville (A), Buchus (B) and Clipton(C).

- Buchus is 56 km from Aberville on a bearing of 105°
- Buchus is also 32 km from Clipton on a bearing of 081°
- Find the bearing of Aberville from Clipton.

Give your answer correct to the nearest degree and show all of your working.

## 9. | GCSE Higher |

The diagram shows parallelogram ABCD in which AD = \(x\) cm, DE = 12 cm and angle ABC = 30°

Prove that α, the size of angle CDE, is sin^{-1}\( \left( \frac{x}{24} \right) \)

## 10. | IB Standard |

In triangle ABC, AB = 7cm and AC = 9cm. The area of the triangle is 20cm^{2}.

(a) Find the two possible values for the angle A.

(b) Given that A is obtuse, find the length of the side BC.

## 11. | IB Studies |

ABC is a triangular car park on horizontal ground. The length of AB is 90m and the length of AC is 65m. The size of angle BCA is 68^{o}.

(a) Find the size of angle ABC.

(b) Find the area of the triangular car park.

M is the midpoint of AC.

(c) Find the length of BM.

A vertical flag pole, FB, is erected in one corner of the car park with its base at B.

The angle of elevation of F from M is 55.3^{o}. H is the midpoint of the flag pole.

(d) Calculate the angle of elevation of H from M.

## 12. | IGCSE Extended |

The diagram (not to scale) shows a quadrilateral made up of a number of triangles.

The area of triangle ABD is 333 cm^{2} and AD = 21 cm and AB = 33cm.

(a) Calculate the size of acute angle DAB.

(b) The midpoint of AD is F. Use the cosine rule to calculate the length of BF.

(c) Calculate the length of CD.

(d) \(\sin x = \cos 38^o, 0^o \le x \le 180^o\), Find the two values of \(x\).

## 14. | GCSE Higher |

News is spreading of Pokémon sightings in Greenleaf Park. There is a Bulbasaur (B)on a bearing of 063^{o} from Ayden and a Charmeleon (C) on a bearing of 110^{o} from Ayden.

(a) Draw a sketch (not to scale) showing the positions of Ayden and the Pokémon using the letters A, B and C to indicate the locations of the sightings. Mark the distances AB = 100m and AC = 130m on your diagram.

(b) Calculate the distance BC giving your answer to three significant figures.

(c) Find the bearing of B from C giving your answer to the nearest integer.

(d) Find the bearing of C from B giving your answer to the nearest integer.

## 15. | GCSE Higher |

In the diagram of triangle ABC (not to scale) D is a point on BC.

AB = 15.4cm, BD = 8.1cm, angle CAD = 23^{o} and angle ABD = 32^{o}.

Calculate the area of triangle ADC.

## 16. | IB Standard |

The diagram, not drawn to scale, shows a quadrilateral ABCD.

AB = 7.5cm, BC = 3.6cm, angle DAB = 98^{o}, angle DBA = 49^{o} and angle DBC = 80^{o}

(a) Find DB

(b) Find DC

(c) The area of triangle ABD

## 17. | IB Standard |

In the diagram above (not drawn to scale), AB=12mm, BC=8mm and angle ABC=123^{o}

(a) Find the length of side AC.

(b) Find angle BAC.

## 18. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Two towers are situated close to each other on level ground. From point C on the ground directly between the two buildings, the angle of elevation to the top of each tower is \( \theta \).

The distance from point C to point A at the top of the taller building is 131 metres.

The distance from point C to point B at the top of the shorter building is 91 metres.

The distance between A and B is 141 metres.

Find the heights of the two towers to the nearest metre.

## 19. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

The diagram below shows triangle ABC and the lengths of its sides. It is known that the cosine of angle \(C\hat{A}B\) is one third.

Find the area of the triangle giving your answer in the form:

$$ m \sqrt{n} \text{ where } m, n \in \mathbb{Z}^+ $$## 20. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Consider a triangle DEF, where DF= 15cm, FE = 9cm and EDF = 21°.

Find the largest possible perimeter of triangle DEF.

## 21. | IB Standard |

The diagram shows quadrilateral ABCD.

(a) Use the cosine rule to show that \(AC = \sqrt{130-126\cos{A\hat{B}C}}\).

(b) Use the sine rule in triangle \(ABC\) to find another way of writing \(AC\).

(c) Hence find the value of \(A\hat{B}C\), assuming it is an obtuse angle, giving your answer to two the nearest degree.

(d) Find \(AC\) to three significant figures.

(e) Find \(C\hat{D}A\) to three significant figures.

(f) Hence, or otherwise, find the area of triangle \(ACD\).

## 22. | IB Studies |

Christine owns a four sided piece of land shown in the diagram below as ABCD. The length of BC is 180 m, the length of CD is 70 m, the length of AD is 90 m, the size of angle BCD is 82° and the size of angle BAD is 102°. The diagram is not to scale

Christine decides to sell the triangular portion of land ABD. She first builds a straight fence from B to D.

(a) Calculate the length of the fence.

The fence costs 19 USD per metre to build.

(b) Calculate the cost of building the fence. Give your answer correct to the nearest USD.

(c) Show that the size of angle ABD is 28.6°, correct to three significant figures.

(d) Calculate the area of triangle ABD.

She sells the land for 110 USD per square metre.

(e) Calculate the value of the land that Christine sells. Give your answer correct to the nearest USD.

Christine invests 200 000 USD from the sale of the land in a bank that pays compound interest compounded annually.

(f) Find the interest rate that the bank pays so that the investment will double in value in 12 years.

## 23. | IB Studies |

A builder marks out three points A, B and C on the ground such that AB = 11m , AC = 15m and angle BAC = 124^{o}.

(a) Calculate the length of BC.

He next marks a fourth point, D, on the ground at a distance of 12m from B, such that angle BDC is 53^{o}.

(b) Find the size of angle DBC.

(c) Find the area of the quadrilateral ABDC.

The builder digs up and removes the soil under the quadrilateral ABDC to a depth of 90 cm for the foundation of the house.

(d) Find the volume of the soil removed. Give your answer in m^{3}

To transport the soil removed, the builder uses cylindrical drums with a diameter of 46cm and a height of 70cm.

(e) Find the volume of a drum. Give your answer in m^{3}.

(f) Find the minimum number of drums required to transport the soil removed.

## 24. | IB Applications and Interpretation |

Melissa has a webcam on the top of her computer screen. She has the zoom level adjusted so that that her head is framed nicely in the image produced. The diagram shows the setup.

The webcam is at point C directly above point D on the floor. The area covered by the camera is shown by the shaded region enclosed by triangle ABC. The distance from A to C is
4 m and the distance from A to B is 1.3 m. Angle ACB is 16^{o}.

(a) Find angle ABC.

Melissa's younger brother is 95cm tall. He walks into the room from the door at the opposite end of the room from Melissa's computer. When he reaches point A his feet first appear in the video being recorded by the webcam. He continues to walk until the top of his head is in shot at which points he stops.

(b) How far is Melissa's brother from point A?

## 25. | IB Studies |

A drone flying test course is in the shape of a triangle, ABC, with AB = 400m , BC = 600m and angle ABC = 44^{o}. The course starts and finishes at point A.

(a) Calculate the total length of the course to the nearest metre.

It is estimated that a drone can travel at an average speed of 4.5ms^{–1}.

(b) Calculate an estimate of the time taken to fly around the course. Give your answer to the nearest minute.

(c) Find the size of angle ACB.

To comply with safety regulations, the area inside the triangular course must be kept clear of people, and the shortest distance from B to AC must be greater than 275 metres.

(d) Calculate the area that must be kept clear of people.

(e) Determine, giving a reason, whether the course complies with the safety regulations.

The course is viewed from a tower which rises vertically from point A. The top of the tower is point T. The angle of elevation of T from B is 8^{o}.

(f) Calculate the vertical height, AT , of the tower.

## 26. | IB Standard |

The diagram shows a circle of radius 8.6cm with points ABCD on the circumference of the circle.

(a) Find the length of line AC.

(b) Find angle ACD.

(c) Use your answer to part b to find angle ACB.

(d) Find the area of triangle ADC.

(e) Find the total area of the shaded regions.

## 27. | IB Analysis and Approaches |

Emma sails in a small dinghy from point A in a straight line to a buoy at point B. She is moving at an average speed of 19 km/h, for 6 minutes, on a bearing of 125°.

(a) Find the distance from point A to point B

(b) When Emma arrives at point B she changes direction and sails to point C on a bearing of 230° and 1 km away. Find angle ABC

(c) Find the distance from point A to point C.

(d) Find angle BCA

(e) Emma’s friend Eamonn wants to swim directly from point A to point C. Find the bearing that Eamonn must take to point C.

(f) Eamonn swims at an average speed of 3.2 km/h. Find, to the nearest minute, the time it takes for Eamonn to reach point C.

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