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Pythagoras' Theorem Exercise

A self marking exercise on the application of Pythagoras' Theorem.

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Here are some questions which can be answered using Pythagoras' Theorem. You can earn a trophy if you get at least 9 questions correct. Each time you finish a question click the 'Check' button lower down the page to see if you got it right!

1. What is the name for the longest side of a right angled triangle?

Correct Wrong

2. What is the length of the longest side of a right angled triangle if the two shorter sides are 6cm and 8cm?

cm Correct Wrong

3. Find the length of AB to 1 decimal place.

m Correct Wrong

4. Find the length of EG to 1 decimal place.

cm Correct Wrong

5. Find the length of JK to 1 decimal place.

mm Correct Wrong

Isosceles triangle
15cm
17cm

6. Find the height (h) of this isosceles triangle to one decimal place.

cm Correct Wrong

7. A rectangular swimming pool is 16m wide and 41m long. Calculate the length of a diagonal in metres to 1 decimal place.

m Correct Wrong

8. A ladder is 5m long. How far from the base of a wall should it be placed if it is to reach 4m up the wall? Give your answer in metres correct to 1 decimal place

m Correct Wrong

9. A tent guy line supports one of the upright tent poles. It runs from the top of the pole to a peg in the ground two and a half metres away from the base of the pole. If the guy line is 356cm long, how tall is the upright tent pole? Give your answer in centimetres correct to the nearest centimetre.

cm Correct Wrong

10. How long is the diagonal of an A4 size sheet of paper? The dimensions of A4 paper are 210 by 297 millimetres (8.3 inches × 11.7 inches). Give your answer in cm to one decimal place.

cm Correct Wrong

11. For international matches football pitches must be of regulation size. The goal lines must be between 64 and 75 metres (70 and 80 yards) long and the touchlines must be between 100 and 110 metres (110 and 120 yards).

What is the difference between the length of the diagonal of the largest acceptable pitch and the length of the diagonal of the smallest acceptable pitch? Give your answer in metres to the nearest metre.

m Correct Wrong

4cm
12cm
16cm

12. Find the perimeter of this parallelogram to one decimal place.

cm Correct Wrong

Check

This is Pythagoras' Theorem Exercise level 5. You can also try:
Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 6

Instructions

Try your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help.

When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file.

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Description of Levels

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Level 1 - Finding the hypotenuse

Level 2 - Finding a shorter side

Level 3 - Mixed questions

Level 4 - Pythagoras coordinates

Level 5 - Pythagoras' Theorem exercise

Level 6 - Pythagoras' Theorem harder exercise

Exam Style questions requiring an application of Pythagoras' Theorem and trigonometric ratios to find angles and lengths in right-angled triangles.

Three Dimensions - Three dimensional Pythagoras and trigonometry questions

More on this topic including lesson Starters, visual aids, investigations and self-marking exercises.

Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.

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Curriculum Reference

See the National Curriculum page for links to related online activities and resources.

Pythagoras' Theorem

The area of the square on the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is equal to the sum of the areas of the squares on the two shorter sides.

Pythagoras' Theorem

You may have learned the theorem using letters to stand for the lengths of the sides. The corners (vertices) of the right-angled triangle is labelled with capital (upper case) letters. The lengths of the sides opposite them are labelled with the corresponding small (lower case) letters.

Pythagoras' Theorem

Alternatively the sides of the right-angled triangle may me named using the capital letters of the two points they span.

Pythagoras' Theorem

As triangle can be labelled in many different ways it is probably best to remember the theorem by momorising the first diagram above.

To find the longest side (hypotenuse) of a right-angled triangle you square the two shorter sides, add together the results and then find the square root of this total.

To find a shorter side of a right-angled triangle you subtract the square of the other shorter side from the square of the hypotenuse and then find the square root of the answer.

Example

Pythagoras Example

AB2 = AC2 - BC2
AB2 = 4.72 - 4.12
AB2 = 22.09 - 16.81
AB2 = 5.28
AB = √5.28
AB = 2.3m (to one decimal place)

 

The diagrams aren't always the same way round. They could be rotated by any angle.

Rotations

The right-angled triangles could be long and thin or short and not so thin.

Different proportions
Don't wait until you have finished the exercise before you click on the 'Check' button. Click it often as you work through the questions to see if you are answering them correctly.

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