Expand algebraic expressions containing brackets and simplify the resulting expressions.
This is level 4: multiplying a single negative integer over a bracket. You will be awarded a trophy if you get at least 9 answers correct and you do this activity online.
Simplify the following expressions by removing the brackets. Order the terms in your answers so that variable terms come before the constants .
Try your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help.
When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file.
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Comment recorded on the 1 February 'Starter of the Day' page by Terry Shaw, Beaulieu Convent School:
"Really good site. Lots of good ideas for starters. Use it most of the time in KS3."
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"My year 8's absolutely loved the "Separated Twins" starter. I set it as an optional piece of work for my year 11's over a weekend and one girl came up with 3 independant solutions."
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Level 1 - Collecting like terms when 1 term is repeated
Level 2 - Collecting like terms when 2 terms are repeated
Level 3 - Multiplying a single positive integer over a bracket
Level 4 - Multiplying a single negative integer over a bracket
Level 5 - Multiplying a variable over a bracket
Level 6 - Expanding products of two simple binomials
Level 7 - Expanding products of two binomials
Level 8 - Squaring a binomial
Level 9 - Simplifying more complex expressions involving brackets
Level 10 - Expanding products of three binomials (cubic expressions)
Exam Style Questions - A collection of problems in the style of GCSE or IB/A-level exam paper questions (worked solutions are available for Transum subscribers).
Binomial Theorem - Exercises in expanding powers of binomial expressions and finding specific coefficients.
More Algebra - There are many more exercise, Starters and other Algebra resources on the main Algebra page.
Remove the brackets to give 5d - 2d - 2
[note that everything inside the bracket is subtracted from 5d]
Collect like terms to give 3d - 2
Remove the brackets to give 9d - 7 - 5d + 2
[note that negative 2 becomes positive due to the negative sign in front of the second bracket]
Collect like terms to give 4d - 5
Multiply each term inside the bracket by 4 to give 8d + 16
Multiply each term inside the bracket by negative 5 to give -25d - 20
Multiply each term inside the bracket by 4d to give 20d^2 - 20d
Multiply each term of the first bracket by each term of the second bracket to give d^2 + 7d - 2d - 14
Collect like terms to give d^2 + 5d - 14
F.O.I.L. First Outer Inner Last
Multiply each term of the first bracket by each term of the second bracket to give 12d^2 + 8d + 21d + 14
Collect like terms to give 12d^2 + 29d + 14
Write as (3d + 2)(3d + 2) then expand as in the previous example to give 9d^2 + 12d + 4
Multiply out the brackets to give 15d + 5 - 2 + 4d
Collect like terms to give 19d + 3
Multiply out the first pair of brackets to give (2x^2+2x-4)(x+2)
Multiply each term in the first set of brackets by each of the terms in the second set of brackets then collect like terms to give 2x3 + 6x^2 - 8
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These exercises use MathQuill, a web formula editor designed to make typing Maths easy and beautiful. Watch the animation below to see how common mathematical notation can be created using your keyboard.