Arrange the numbers in the green cells to make a magic
The totals of each row, column and diagonal should be the same.
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Are there any other ways to make a magic square using these numbers?
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The totals of each row, column and diagonal should be the same. Try again.
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There are eight solutions. Are they all completely different?
A magic square features in Dan Brown's The Lost Symbol. It is the Order Eight Franklin Square which was first published in 1769 by American scientist Benjamin Franklin.
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Numbers and the Making of Us
I initially heard this book described on the Grammar Girl podcast and immediately went to find out more about it. I now have it on my Christmas present wish list and am looking forward to receiving a copy (hint!).
"Caleb Everett provides a fascinating account of the development of human numeracy, from innate abilities to the complexities of agricultural and trading societies, all viewed against the general background of human cultural evolution. He successfully draws together insights from linguistics, cognitive psychology, anthropology, and archaeology in a way that is accessible to the general reader as well as to specialists." more...
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Here are the oldest magic squares we know of:
The Lo Shu square on the back of a small turtle in the centre, surrounded by the signs of the Chinese Zodiac and the Eight trigrams, all carried by a large turtle
This famous 4 by 4 magic square above can be seen in the picture below. Melencolia I is an engraving by the German Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer.