Exam-Style Question on Probability
A mathematics exam-style question with a worked solution that can be revealed gradually
Question id: 105. This question is similar to one that appeared on an IB Studies paper in 2014. The use of a calculator is allowed.
Neal is attending a Scout jamboree in Japan. He has both boots and trainers to wear. He also has the choice of wearing a cap or not.
The probability Neal wears boots is 0.4. If he wears boots, the probability that he wears a cap is 0.7.
If Neal wears trainers, the probability that he wears a cap is 0.25.
The following tree diagram shows the probabilities for Neal's clothing options at the jamboree.
(a) Find the value of A.
(b) Find the value of B.
(c) Find the value of C.
(d) Calculate the probability that Neal wears trainers and no cap.
(e) Calculate the probability that Neal wears no cap.
(f) Calculate the probability that Neal wears trainers given that he is not wearing a cap.
(g) Calculate the probability that Neal wears boots on the first two days of the jamboree.
(h) Calculate the probability that Neal wears boots on one of the first two days, and trainers on the other.
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