# Unitary Method

## Test your understanding of the Unitary Method for solving real life proportion problems with this self-marking quiz.

##### Menu  Level 1Level 2Proportion  Exam    Help    Ratio

This is level 1: calculations that can be done without a calculator. You will be awarded a trophy if you get at least 7 answers correct and you do this activity online.

 1) If two bicycle lamps cost £10 how much would nine lamps cost? Working: pounds 2) If 280g of pumpkin can make enough soup for four people, what weight of pumpkin is needed to make soup for five people? Working: g 3) If four tins of paint are enough for twenty four doors, how many doors would nine tins of paint cover? Working: doors 4) A student can jog 7km in 35 minutes. At the same speed how long would it take him to jog 4km? Working: minutes 5) A student can swim seven lengths in 42 minutes. At the same speed how long would it take her to swim three lengths? Working: minutes 6) A recipe for samosas requires 320g of flour for eight samosas. How much flour will be needed for five samosas? Working: g 7) Two carpenters are buying wood to make some shelves. If 24m of wood is needed for eight shelves how much wood do they need for seven shelves? Assume all of the shelves are the same length and width. Working: m 8) The song "Out of Reach" is put on repeat play. If eighteen plays of the track last 63 minutes how many minutes would four plays take? Working: minutes 9) Given the information in the previous question, how many times would the track have to be repeated to last three and a half hours? Working: times 10) Each time this page is refreshed you will get slightly different questions although it should take about the same amount of time to answer all ten questions. If a student refreshed and answered all the questions on this page 8 times in 48 minutes. How many minutes would it take to complete 3 versions of this page assuming the student did not get any faster with practice? Working: minutes
Check

## Instructions

Try your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help.

When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file.

## More Activities:

Mathematicians are not the people who find Maths easy; they are the people who enjoy how mystifying, puzzling and hard it is. Are you a mathematician?

Comment recorded on the 18 September 'Starter of the Day' page by Mrs. Peacock, Downe House School and Kennet School:

"My year 8's absolutely loved the "Separated Twins" starter. I set it as an optional piece of work for my year 11's over a weekend and one girl came up with 3 independant solutions."

Comment recorded on the 28 May 'Starter of the Day' page by L Smith, Colwyn Bay:

"An absolutely brilliant resource. Only recently been discovered but is used daily with all my classes. It is particularly useful when things can be saved for further use. Thank you!"

Each month a newsletter is published containing details of the new additions to the Transum website and a new puzzle of the month.

The newsletter is then duplicated as a podcast which is available on the major delivery networks. You can listen to the podcast while you are commuting, exercising or relaxing.

Transum breaking news is available on Twitter @Transum and if that's not enough there is also a Transum Facebook page.

#### Polygon Pieces

Arrange the nine pieces of the puzzle on the grid to make the given polygon. Level one is for those learning the names of shapes while other levels are for those who like a challenge!

There are answers to this exercise but they are available in this space to teachers, tutors and parents who have logged in to their Transum subscription on this computer.

A Transum subscription unlocks the answers to the online exercises, quizzes and puzzles. It also provides the teacher with access to quality external links on each of the Transum Topic pages and the facility to add to the collection themselves.

Subscribers can manage class lists, lesson plans and assessment data in the Class Admin application and have access to reports of the Transum Trophies earned by class members.

Subscribe

## Go Maths

Learning and understanding Mathematics, at every level, requires learner engagement. Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Sometimes traditional teaching fails to actively involve students. One way to address the problem is through the use of interactive activities and this web site provides many of those. The Go Maths page is an alphabetical list of free activities designed for students in Secondary/High school.

## Maths Map

Are you looking for something specific? An exercise to supplement the topic you are studying at school at the moment perhaps. Navigate using our Maths Map to find exercises, puzzles and Maths lesson starters grouped by topic.

## Teachers

If you found this activity useful don't forget to record it in your scheme of work or learning management system. The short URL, ready to be copied and pasted, is as follows:

Alternatively, if you use Google Classroom, all you have to do is click on the green icon below in order to add this activity to one of your classes.

It may be worth remembering that if Transum.org should go offline for whatever reason, there is a mirror site at Transum.info that contains most of the resources that are available here on Transum.org.

When planning to use technology in your lesson always have a plan B!

Saurav Luitel, Bhojpur

Monday, November 28, 2011

"I like the best web site of all I known that it was the very good as well as better for the student life thank for the team who make this web site."

Claire Longmooor, Trick Question That Went Viral

Saturday, October 12, 2019

"An orchestra of 120 players takes 40 minutes to play Beethoven's 9th Symphony. How long would it take for 60 players to play the symphony? Let P be number of players and T the time playing."

Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for those learning Mathematics anywhere in the world. Click here to enter your comments.

For Students:

For All:

Scan the QR code below to visit the online version of this activity.

https://www.Transum.org/go/?Num=67

## Description of Levels

Close

Level 1 - Calculations that can be done without a calculator.

Level 2 - Calculations requiring written working and the use of a calculator.

Unit Pricing Learn how to compare prices of items in shops.

Proportion Direct and inverse proportion questions.

Exam Style questions are in the style of GCSE or IB/A-level exam paper questions and worked solutions are available for Transum subscribers.

Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.

These problems can be solved using the unitary method. This is a technique in mathematics for solving particular types of problems. It involves scaling down one of the variables to a single unit, i.e. 1, and then performing the operation necessary to alter it to the desired value.

For example if six coins weigh 66g. What would seventeen coins weigh?

Consider the weight of one coin first

1 coin weighs 11g  (66 ÷ 6)

Now it is easy to calculate the cost of seventeen coins

17 coins weigh 187g (17 x 11)

Don't wait until you have finished the exercise before you click on the 'Check' button. Click it often as you work through the questions to see if you are answering them correctly.

Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.

Close