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Question id: 308. This question is similar to one that appeared on a GCSE Higher paper in 2017. The use of a calculator is allowed.

The following table shows the distance from the sun and mass of the eight planets.

Planet Distance from the Sun (km) Mass (tonnes)
Mercury 5.79×107 3.3×1020
Venus 1.08×108 4.87×1021
Earth 1.5×108 5.98×1021
Mars 2.28×108 6.42×1020
Jupiter 7.78×108 1.9×1024
Saturn 1.43×109 5.69×1023
Uranus 2.87×109 8.68×1022
Neptune 4.5×109 1.02×1023

(a) Which planet has the second smallest mass?

(b) Find the difference between the mass of Saturn and the mass of Jupiter.

(c) It is claimed that Saturn is about ten times further from the sun than the Earth. By showing your working explain why you either agree or disagree with this statement.

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