 # Tree Diagrams

## Calculate the probability of independent and dependent combined events using tree diagrams.

##### ExerciseChallengeExam-Style QuestionsHelpMore Probability

1. In a box there are four red balls and seven yellow balls. On Monday Kylie picked a ball at random from the box, played with it then put it back. On Tuesday she picked a ball at random from the box.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability that on both days she picked a red ball? /  c) What is the probability that on both days she picked a yellow ball? /  d) Calculate the probability that on Monday she picked a red ball and on Tuesday she picked a yellow ball./  Red

Yellow

Red

Yellow

Red

Yellow

$$\frac{4}{11}$$  $$\frac{7}{11}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{4}{11}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  Monday
Tuesday

2. In a round tin there are five cream cakes and eight plain cakes. In a square based tin there are five cream cakes and nine plain cakes. The tree diagram shows the probabilities of picking one cake from each tin.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of picking two cream cakes? /  c) What is the probability of picking two plain cakes? /  d) Calculate the probability of picking two different types of cake./  Cream

Plain

Cream

Plain

Cream

Plain

$$\frac{5}{13}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  Round Tin
Square Tin

3. In a packet there are six lemon sweets and three lime sweets. This morning Kylie ate one sweet from the packet before breakfast and she ate another after breakfast. Both sweets were picked randomly from what was in the packet at the time.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of picking two lemon sweets? /  c) What is the probability of picking a lemon sweet followed by a lime sweet? /  d) Calculate the probability of picking a lime sweet followed by a lemon sweet?./  Lemon

Lime

Lemon

Lime

Lemon

Lime

$$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{3}{9}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{2}{8}$$  Before Breakfast
After Breakfast

4. The probability that the first bus is late is $$\frac{1}{13}$$. If the first bus is late, the probability of the second bus being late is $$\frac{1}{12}$$ otherwise it is $$\frac{1}{11}$$ (buses are either on time or late, they are never early!).
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of both buses being late? /  c) What is the probability of both buses being on time? /  d) What is the probability of at least one bus being on time? /  Late

On Time

Late

On Time

Late

On Time

$$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  First Bus
Second Bus

5. In a bag there are four red, five blue and six green counters. Two counters are taken out and not replaced.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of both counters being red? /  c) What is the probability of both counters not being red? /  d) What is the probability of at least one counter being red? /  Red

Not red

Red

Not red

Red

Not red

$$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  $$\frac{}{}$$  First Counter
Second Counter
Check

This is Tree Diagrams level 1. You can also try:
Level 2 Level 3

## Instructions

Try your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help.

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## Transum.org

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## Go Maths

Learning and understanding Mathematics, at every level, requires learner engagement. Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Sometimes traditional teaching fails to actively involve students. One way to address the problem is through the use of interactive activities and this web site provides many of those. The Go Maths page is an alphabetical list of free activities designed for students in Secondary/High school.

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## Teachers

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## Description of Levels

Close Level 1 - Basic Tree Diagram questions

Level 2 - A challenging puzzle that can be solved with the aid of a tree diagram

Level 3 - GCSE and IB exam-style questions involving tree diagrams

## Tree Diagrams

This video explains how to use tree diagrams to solve probability questions and is from Corbettmaths.

###### Don't wait until you have finished the exercise before you click on the 'Check' button. Click it often as you work through the questions to see if you are answering them correctly.

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