Describe the sequences of matchstick patterns with a formula.This exercise will help you interpret mathematical relationships both algebraically and geometrically. 
This is level 1; Linear sequences of matchstick patterns.
Pattern 1  Pattern 2  Pattern 3  Pattern 4 
This is Matchstick Patterns level 1. You can also try:
Level 2
InstructionsTry your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help. When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file. 



Transum.orgThis web site contains over a thousand free mathematical activities for teachers and pupils. Click here to go to the main page which links to all of the resources available. Please contact me if you have any suggestions or questions. 
More Activities: 

Mathematicians are not the people who find Maths easy; they are the people who enjoy how mystifying, puzzling and hard it is. Are you a mathematician? Comment recorded on the 9 May 'Starter of the Day' page by Liz, Kuwait: "I would like to thank you for the excellent resources which I used every day. My students would often turn up early to tackle the starter of the day as there were stamps for the first 5 finishers. We also had a lot of fun with the fun maths. All in all your resources provoked discussion and the students had a lot of fun." Comment recorded on the 8 May 'Starter of the Day' page by Mr Smith, West Sussex, UK: "I am an NQT and have only just discovered this website. I nearly wet my pants with joy. 


AnswersThere are answers to this exercise but they are available in this space to teachers, tutors and parents who have logged in to their Transum subscription on this computer. A Transum subscription unlocks the answers to the online exercises, quizzes and puzzles. It also provides the teacher with access to quality external links on each of the Transum Topic pages and the facility to add to the collection themselves. Subscribers can manage class lists, lesson plans and assessment data in the Class Admin application and have access to reports of the Transum Trophies earned by class members. If you would like to enjoy adfree access to the thousands of Transum resources, receive our monthly newsletter, unlock the printable worksheets and see our Maths Lesson Finishers then sign up for a subscription now: Subscribe 

Go MathsLearning and understanding Mathematics, at every level, requires learner engagement. Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Sometimes traditional teaching fails to actively involve students. One way to address the problem is through the use of interactive activities and this web site provides many of those. The Go Maths page is an alphabetical list of free activities designed for students in Secondary/High school. Maths MapAre you looking for something specific? An exercise to supplement the topic you are studying at school at the moment perhaps. Navigate using our Maths Map to find exercises, puzzles and Maths lesson starters grouped by topic. TeachersIf you found this activity useful don't forget to record it in your scheme of work or learning management system. The short URL, ready to be copied and pasted, is as follows: 

Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for those learning Mathematics anywhere in the world. Click here to enter your comments. 
Close
Level 1  Linear sequences of matchstick patterns
Level 2  Linear sequences of chairs and tables
When you have done those why not progress to:
Sequences Level 2  Find the nth term of linear sequences
Sequences Level 3  Find a given term of linear sequences
Sequences Level 4  Mixed questions about geometric sequences
Sequences Level 5  Mixed questions about sequences and series
Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.
See the National Curriculum page for links to related online activities and resources.
Filling in the first three cells of the table is simply a case of counting the number of matches needed to make the first three patterns.
You may have noticed by now how many additional matches it takes to make the next pattern in the sequence. It's the same each time you change one pattern to the next. In this case it is 5.
The numbers in the table go up by 5 each time just like the five times table. The general term of the five times table is 5n where n are the counting numbers (1, 2, 3, 4...).
The first four terms of the five times table are 5, 10, 15 and 20.
The numbers in our table are each one more than that so the n^{th} term is 5n+1. This formula can be used to work out the 92^{nd} term of the sequence i.e. 5x92+1 = 461
Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.
Close