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550

Aryabhata was an ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer who lived during the 5th and 6th centuries. He was born in 476 CE in a place called Kusumapura, which is believed to be near modern-day Patna in India. Aryabhata spent much of his life studying and teaching in India, which was a centre of learning and culture during that time. Despite living over 1,500 years ago, Aryabhata's work had a lasting impact on mathematics and astronomy, not only in India but across the world.

Aryabhata is best known for his work in mathematics, particularly for his introduction of the concept of zero as a number, which is fundamental in mathematics today. While he did not use a symbol for zero, knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata's place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients.

He also worked on approximations for the value of pi (π), that number that is used to calculate the circumference and area of circles. Aryabhata's work also included solving quadratic equations. His contributions laid the groundwork for many areas of mathematics that are still taught in classrooms today.

In addition to his mathematical achievements, Aryabhata was also a pioneering astronomer. He wrote a famous work called the "Aryabhatiya," where he described the motions of the planets and their orbits around the sun. This was revolutionary at a time when many people believed that the Earth was the centre of the universe. Aryabhata's ideas about the Earth?s rotation and the causes of eclipses were ahead of his time and showed his deep understanding of the cosmos.

Aryabhata's contributions to mathematics and astronomy are a testament to his genius and curiosity about the world. His work not only advanced human knowledge but also influenced future generations of scientists and mathematicians. Learning about Aryabhata helps us appreciate the rich history of mathematics and the way that knowledge is passed down and built upon over time. His legacy reminds us that brilliant ideas can come from anywhere in the world and that they can change the course of history.

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THE HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS PAGE

Print this large QR code and display it on your classroom's History of Mathematics timeline.

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https://www.transum.org/Maths/History/Mathematician.asp?ID=13