Imperial UnitsLearn about common imperial units and how they relate to other units of measurement 
Mile comes from the Latin 'mille passum' which was how far a Roman soldier could walk in 1000 steps.
Yard derives from the old English word 'gyrd' which was used for branches, staves and measuring rods.
Foot as the name suggests was originally based on the length of a human foot.
Inch is derived from the word for thumb in some European languages, as a man's thumb is about an inch wide.
1 mile = 1760 yards1 yard = 3 feet1 foot = 12 inches
This is level 1: units of length. You will be awarded a trophy if you get at least 14 correct and you do this activity online.
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❎Level 1  Units of length
Level 2  Units of weight
Level 3  Units of capacity
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See the National Curriculum page for links to related online activities and resources.
1 mile = 1760 yards1 yard = 3 feet1 foot = 12 inches
1 ton = 160 stones1 stone = 14 pounds1 pound = 16 ounces
1 gallon = 4 quarts1 quart = 2 pints1 pint = 20 fluid ounces
The sign ≈ means approximately equal to.
1 inch ≈ 2.5cm
5 miles ≈ 8 km
2.2 lb (pounds) ≈ 1kg
1.75 pints ≈ 1 litre
1 gallon ≈ 4.5 litres
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Just when I thought I knew all of the imperial units I heard Matt Parker (Standup Maths) list them all, even the more obscure ones, in this wonderful monologue. When you hear their names and their relative sizes you cannot help but be grateful for the metric system which is more common today.
This audio excerpt is from an excellent podcast from BBC Radio 4 called More or Less: Behind the Stats in which Tim Harford tries to make sense of the statistics which surround us. It's well worth a listen if you have an interest in mathematics and statistics and provides real world examples of the maths we learn in school.
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