Pens cost 10p each,
Pencils cost 5p each.
Evan spent 55p altogether.
How many pens and pencils did he buy?
Dishes cost £1.84 each,
Plates cost £1.55 each.
Thomas spent £10.46 on dishes and plates.
How many of each did he buy?
Topics: Starter  Arithmetic
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If students have access to computing devices you may wish to try solving the following?
Sandwiches cost £1.56 each,
Drinks cost £1.34 each.
Luke spent £70.74 on sandwiches and drinks.
How many of each did he buy?
[Assume that they bought at least one of each of the items above.]
You may wish to use a spreadsheet or write a program on a graphing calculator:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  
1  Sandwiches  
2  Drinks  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 
3  1  £2.90  £4.46  £6.02  £7.58  £9.14  £10.70  £12.26  £13.82  £15.38  £16.94 
4  2  £4.24  £5.80  £7.36  £8.92  £10.48  £12.04  £13.60  £15.16  £16.72  £18.28 
5  3  £5.58  £7.14  £8.70  £10.26  £11.82  £13.38  £14.94  £16.50  £18.06  £19.62 
6  4  £6.92  £8.48  £10.04  £11.60  £13.16  £14.72  £16.28  £17.84  £19.40  £20.96 
7  5  £8.26  £9.82  £11.38  £12.94  £14.50  £16.06  £17.62  £19.18  £20.74  £22.30 
8  6  £9.60  £11.16  £12.72  £14.28  £15.84  £17.40  £18.96  £20.52  £22.08  £23.64 
9  7  £10.94  £12.50  £14.06  £15.62  £17.18  £18.74  £20.30  £21.86  £23.42  £24.98 
10  8  £12.28  £13.84  £15.40  £16.96  £18.52  £20.08  £21.64  £23.20  £24.76  £26.32 
11  9  £13.62  £15.18  £16.74  £18.30  £19.86  £21.42  £22.98  £24.54  £26.10  £27.66 
12  10  £14.96  £16.52  £18.08  £19.64  £21.20  £22.76  £24.32  £25.88  £27.44  £29.00 