This photograph was taken in August 1996 at a hill temple near Khejarala, Rajesthan, India. Carved into the rock is the board for a game. It is a five by five grid of squares, five of the squares have crosses in them.
The game is called Chowka Bhara and is one of the oldest board games still being played in certain parts of India. There are references of this game in some ancient Indian epics like the Mahabharata.
This game has been traditionally played on a silk cloth-lined board and with 4 cowry shells used as dice.
Each player starts with four counters in the outermost squares marked with a cross. The counters are moved the numbers of squares determined by a roll of the dice. Each counter must pass through all of the other squares on the board and finish at the centre square.
An example route of a counter visiting all squares is shown below.
Traced by User:Stannered (en:Image:Presentation2.gif) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Click on a link below to explore other parts of the Transum web site:
Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for those learning Mathematics anywhere in the world. Click here to enter your comments.