FunctionsAn online exercise on function notation, inverse functions and composite functions. 
This is level 1, describe function machines using function notation. You can earn a trophy if you get at least 9 correct and you do this activity online. The first question has been done for you.
InstructionsTry your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help. When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file. 



Transum.orgThis web site contains over a thousand free mathematical activities for teachers and pupils. Click here to go to the main page which links to all of the resources available. Please contact me if you have any suggestions or questions. 
More Activities: 

Mathematicians are not the people who find Maths easy; they are the people who enjoy how mystifying, puzzling and hard it is. Are you a mathematician? Comment recorded on the s /Coordinate 'Starter of the Day' page by Greg, Wales: "Excellent resource, I use it all of the time! The only problem is that there is too much good stuff here!!" Comment recorded on the 24 May 'Starter of the Day' page by Ruth Seward, Hagley Park Sports College: "Find the starters wonderful; students enjoy them and often want to use the idea generated by the starter in other parts of the lesson. Keep up the good work" 
Teacher! Are you delivering Maths lessons online? Tutors! Are your tutorials now taking place via a video link? Parents! Has homeschooling been thrust upon you at short notice? There are many resources to help you on the Maths At Home page. From ready made lesson plans to software suggestions and it's all free. Stay safe and wash yout hands! 

AnswersThere are answers to this exercise but they are available in this space to teachers, tutors and parents who have logged in to their Transum subscription on this computer. A Transum subscription unlocks the answers to the online exercises, quizzes and puzzles. It also provides the teacher with access to quality external links on each of the Transum Topic pages and the facility to add to the collection themselves. Subscribers can manage class lists, lesson plans and assessment data in the Class Admin application and have access to reports of the Transum Trophies earned by class members. If you would like to enjoy adfree access to the thousands of Transum resources, receive our monthly newsletter, unlock the printable worksheets and see our Maths Lesson Finishers then sign up for a subscription now: Subscribe 

Go MathsLearning and understanding Mathematics, at every level, requires learner engagement. Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Sometimes traditional teaching fails to actively involve students. One way to address the problem is through the use of interactive activities and this web site provides many of those. The Go Maths page is an alphabetical list of free activities designed for students in Secondary/High school. Maths MapAre you looking for something specific? An exercise to supplement the topic you are studying at school at the moment perhaps. Navigate using our Maths Map to find exercises, puzzles and Maths lesson starters grouped by topic. TeachersIf you found this activity useful don't forget to record it in your scheme of work or learning management system. The short URL, ready to be copied and pasted, is as follows: 

Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for those learning Mathematics anywhere in the world. Click here to enter your comments. 
© Transum Mathematics :: This activity can be found online at:
www.transum.org/Maths/Exercise/Functions.asp?
Close
Level 1  Describe function machines using function notation.
Level 2  Evaluate the given functions.
Level 3  Solve the equations given in function notation.
Level 4  Find the inverse of the given functions.
Level 5  Simplify the composite functions.
Level 6  Mixed questions.
Exam Style questions are in the style of GCSE or IB/Alevel exam paper questions and worked solutions are available for Transum subscribers.
The following notes are intended to be a reminder or revision of the concepts and are not intended to be a substitute for a teacher or good textbook.
Function notation is quite different to the algebraic notation you have learnt involving brackets. \(f(x)\) does not mean the value of f multiplied by the value of x. In this case f is the name of the function and you would read \(f(x) = x^2\) as "f of x equals x squared".
In terms of function machines, if the input is \(x\) then the output is \(f(x)\).
Example
\(x \to \)\( + 3 \)\( \to \)\( \times 4 \)\( \to f(x)\)
In this case 3 is added to \(x\) and then the result is multiplied by 4 to give \(f(x)\)
\( (x+3) \times 4 = f(x) \)
\( f(x) = 4(x+3) \)
Example
if \(f(x)=x^2 + 3\) calculate the value of \(f(6)\)
This means replace the \(x\) with a 6 in the given function to obtain the result.
\(f(6) = 6^2+3\)
\(f(6) = 39\)
Example
\(f(x)=3(x+7) \) find \(x\) if \(f(x) = 30\)
\(3(x+7)=30\)
\(x+7 = 10\)
\(x = 3\)
The inverse of a function, written as \(f^{1}(x) \) can be thought of as a way to 'undo' the function. If the function is written as a function machine, the inverse can be thought of as working backwards with the output becomming the input and the input becoming the output.
Example
\( f(x) = 4(x+3) \)
\(x \to \)\( + 3 \)\( \to \)\( \times 4 \)\( \to f(x)\)
\( f^{1}(x) \leftarrow \)\(  3 \)\( \leftarrow \)\( \div 4 \)\( \leftarrow x \)
\( f^{1}(x) = \frac{x}{4}  3 \)
A quicker way of finding the inverse of \(f(x)\) is to replace the \(f(x)\) with \(x\) on the left side of the equals sign and replace the \(x\) with \( f^{1}(x) \) on the right side of the equals sign. Then rearrange the equation to make \( f^{1}(x) \) the subject.
A composite function contains two functions combined into a single function. One function is applied to the result of the other function. You should evaluate the function closest to \(x\) first.
Example
if \(f(x)=2x+7\) and \(g(x)=5x^2\) find \(fg(3)\)
\(g(3) = 5 \times 3^2\)
\(g(3) = 5 \times 9\)
\(g(3) = 45\)
\(f(45) = 2 \times 45 + 7\)
\(f(45) = 97\)
so \( fg(3) = 97\)
Example
if \(f(x)=x+2\) and \(g(x)=3x^2\) find \(gf(x)\)
\( gf(x) = 3(x+2)^2\)
\( gf(x) = 3(x^2+4x+4) \)
\( gf(x) = 3x^2+12x+12 \)
Example
Find \(f(x2)\) if \(f(x)=5x^2+3\)
\(f(x2) =5(x2)^2+3\)
\(f(x2) =5(x^24x+4)+3\)
\(f(x2) =5x^220x+20+3\)
\(f(x2) =5x^220x+23\)
TInSpire:
Don't wait until you have finished the exercise before you click on the 'Check' button. Click it often as you work through the questions to see if you are answering them correctly. You can doubleclick the 'Check' button to make it float at the bottom of your screen.
Answers to this exercise are available lower down this page when you are logged in to your Transum account. If you don’t yet have a Transum subscription one can be very quickly set up if you are a teacher, tutor or parent.
Close