# Roman Numerals Jigsaw

##### Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4Level 5DescriptionHelpRoman Numerals Quiz

Drag the jigsaw pieces onto the frame so that the Roman numerals are in order from smallest to largest.

## Description of Levels

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Level 1 - 6 by 5 grid starting at 1

Level 2 - 6 by 6 grid starting at a number between 3 and 9

Level 3 - 7 by 7 grid starting at a number between 33 and 49

Level 4 - 8 by 7 grid starting at a number between 70 and 88

Level 5 - 8 by 8 grid starting at a number between 450 and 470

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## Roman Numerals

If you aren't an expert on Roman numerals here is an explanation:

 Symbol Value I 1 V 5 X 10 L 50 C 100 D 500 M 1,000

Numbers are formed by combining symbols together. So II is two ones, i.e. 2, and XIII is a ten and three ones, i.e. 13. There is no zero in this system, so 207, for example, is CCVII, using the symbols for two hundreds, a five and two ones. 1066 is MLXVI, one thousand, fifty and ten, a five and a one.

Symbols are placed from left to right in order of value, starting with the largest. However, in a few specific cases, to avoid four characters being repeated in succession (such as IIII or XXXX) these can be reduced using subtractive notation as follows:

• the numeral I can be placed before V and X to make 4 units (IV) and 9 units (IX) respectively
• X can be placed before L and C to make 40 (XL) and 90 (XC) respectively
• C can be placed before D and M to make 400 and 900 according to the same pattern

Explanation adapted from the Wikepedia article on Roman numerals.

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## Transum.org

This web site contains over a thousand free mathematical activities for teachers and pupils. Click here to go to the main page which links to all of the resources available.

## More Activities:

Mathematicians are not the people who find Maths easy; they are the people who enjoy how mystifying, puzzling and hard it is. Are you a mathematician?

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#### Vinculum

This activity comprises of five challenges each one requiring you to type in one more fraction than the previous challenge and each starting with a different fraction. The starting fractions are one tenth, one quarter, one third, one half and four sevenths.

## Numeracy

"Numeracy is a proficiency which is developed mainly in Mathematics but also in other subjects. It is more than an ability to do basic arithmetic. It involves developing confidence and competence with numbers and measures. It requires understanding of the number system, a repertoire of mathematical techniques, and an inclination and ability to solve quantitative or spatial problems in a range of contexts. Numeracy also demands understanding of the ways in which data are gathered by counting and measuring, and presented in graphs, diagrams, charts and tables."

Secondary National Strategy, Mathematics at key stage 3

## Go Maths

Learning and understanding Mathematics, at every level, requires learner engagement. Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Sometimes traditional teaching fails to actively involve students. One way to address the problem is through the use of interactive activities and this web site provides many of those. The Go Maths main page links to more activities designed for students in upper Secondary/High school.

## Teachers

If you found this activity useful don't forget to record it in your scheme of work or learning management system. The short URL, ready to be copied and pasted, is as follows:

National Curriculum Document,

Sunday, September 1, 2013

"Learning Roman numerals is in the National curriculum in England for Key Stage 2.

Year 3: Tell and write the time.... using Roman numerals from I to XII

Year 4: Read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that, over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value

Year 5: Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.

Roman numerals should be put in their historical context so pupils understand that there have been different ways to write whole numbers and that the important concepts of zero and place value were introduced over a period of time."

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