The North Pole Test

It is very cold at the North Pole, so cold that your brain could stop working.

Show that your brain is working well right now by writing out the 110 times table.

How far can you get in five minutes?


North Pole
110 miles   

Try this activity again when you are feeling cold. Can you get as far in five minutes?


A Chilling Mathematics Lesson Starter Of The Day


Topics: Starter | Tables | Xmas

You can find many more ChristMaths activities at:


  • Primary 6 & Mrs Thom, Netherlee PS
  • In five minutes, our primary 6 class managed to get the first 16 stations correct. We felt that it was tricky but a lot of fun. Some were frustrated that if they got one answer wrong then every other answer was also wrong.

    We really enjoyed today's challenge!
  • Matthew, 3D, Craigslea State School
  • I got up to the 29th station in 5 minutes.
    It was fun!
  • Katee Wheeler, ------
  • This starter has some potential and is very helpful and interesting for developing Mathematical skills.
  • Debbie, Guernsey
  • Very absorbing activity! One of my Y5s managed up to 49 x 44 in 5 minutes.

    [Transum: If are reading this comment and wondering why it refers to the 44 times table while you have been presented with another times table it is because a different number appears every time this page is loaded.]
  • Transum,
  • Yes, the cold can really affect your brain in a negative way. Perhaps a chilly day where you live won’t make a big difference but for really cold environments there have been studies which have found that mental changes (reflecting a cooling brain) are the first sign of hypothermia. The tell-tale signs include becoming withdrawn, slower movements, poor coordination, hallucinations, slurred speech, poor memory and eventually loss of consciousness.

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This starter has scored a mean of 3.0 out of 5 based on 179 votes.

Previous Day | This starter is for 17 December | Next Day



1 x 110 = 110
2 x 110 = 220
3 x 110 = 330
4 x 110 = 440
5 x 110 = 550
6 x 110 = 660
7 x 110 = 770
8 x 110 = 880
9 x 110 = 990
10 x 110 = 1100
11 x 110 = 1210
12 x 110 = 1320
13 x 110 = 1430
14 x 110 = 1540
15 x 110 = 1650
16 x 110 = 1760
17 x 110 = 1870
18 x 110 = 1980
19 x 110 = 2090
20 x 110 = 2200
21 x 110 = 2310
22 x 110 = 2420
23 x 110 = 2530
24 x 110 = 2640
25 x 110 = 2750
26 x 110 = 2860
27 x 110 = 2970
28 x 110 = 3080
29 x 110 = 3190
30 x 110 = 3300
31 x 110 = 3410
32 x 110 = 3520
33 x 110 = 3630
34 x 110 = 3740
35 x 110 = 3850
36 x 110 = 3960
37 x 110 = 4070
38 x 110 = 4180
39 x 110 = 4290
40 x 110 = 4400
41 x 110 = 4510
42 x 110 = 4620
43 x 110 = 4730
44 x 110 = 4840
45 x 110 = 4950
46 x 110 = 5060
47 x 110 = 5170
48 x 110 = 5280
49 x 110 = 5390
50 x 110 = 5500
51 x 110 = 5610
52 x 110 = 5720
53 x 110 = 5830
54 x 110 = 5940
55 x 110 = 6050
56 x 110 = 6160
57 x 110 = 6270
58 x 110 = 6380
59 x 110 = 6490
60 x 110 = 6600
61 x 110 = 6710
62 x 110 = 6820
63 x 110 = 6930
64 x 110 = 7040
65 x 110 = 7150
66 x 110 = 7260
67 x 110 = 7370
68 x 110 = 7480
69 x 110 = 7590
70 x 110 = 7700
71 x 110 = 7810
72 x 110 = 7920
73 x 110 = 8030
74 x 110 = 8140
75 x 110 = 8250
76 x 110 = 8360
77 x 110 = 8470
78 x 110 = 8580
79 x 110 = 8690
80 x 110 = 8800
81 x 110 = 8910
82 x 110 = 9020
83 x 110 = 9130
84 x 110 = 9240
85 x 110 = 9350
86 x 110 = 9460
87 x 110 = 9570
88 x 110 = 9680
89 x 110 = 9790
90 x 110 = 9900
91 x 110 = 10010
92 x 110 = 10120
93 x 110 = 10230
94 x 110 = 10340
95 x 110 = 10450
96 x 110 = 10560
97 x 110 = 10670
98 x 110 = 10780
99 x 110 = 10890
100 x 110 = 11000

Note to teacher: Doing this activity once with a class helps students develop strategies. It is only when they do this activity a second time that they will have the opportunity to practise those strategies. That is when the learning is consolidated. Click the button above to regenerate another version of this starter from random numbers.

There are a printable worksheets for the more common timestables.


Christmas Present Ideas

It is often very difficult choosing Christmas presents for family and friends but so here are some seasonal, mathematics-related gifts chosen and recommended by Transum Mathematics.

Equate board game

Here's a great board game that will give any family with school-aged kids hours of worthwhile fun. Christmas is a time for board games but this one will still be useful at any time of year. Games can be adapted to suit many levels of Mathematical ability.

For Maths tutors working with just one or small groups of pupils this game has proved to be an excellent activity for a tutorial. Deciding on the best moves can spark pertinent discussions about mathematical concepts.

Equate looks a bit like Scrabble--for aspiring mathematicians, that is. Designed by a real mathematician, it works like this: You put down tiles on a board and make points by correctly completing simple equations. Your nine tiles include both numbers and mathematical symbols; you can add on to previous plays both vertically and horizontally. more...

How Not To Be Wrong

The maths we learn in school can seem like an abstract set of rules, laid down by the ancients and not to be questioned. In fact, Jordan Ellenberg shows us, maths touches on everything we do, and a little mathematical knowledge reveals the hidden structures that lie beneath the world's messy and chaotic surface. In How Not to be Wrong, Ellenberg explores the mathematician's method of analyzing life, from the everyday to the cosmic, showing us which numbers to defend, which ones to ignore, and when to change the equation entirely. Along the way, he explains calculus in a single page, describes Gödel's theorem using only one-syllable words, and reveals how early you actually need to get to the airport.

What more could the inquisitive adult want for Christmas? This book makes a cosy, interesting read in front of the fire on those cold winter evenings. more...

Graphic Display Calculator

This handheld device and companion software are designed to generate opportunities for classroom exploration and to promote greater understanding of core concepts in the mathematics and science classroom. TI-Nspire technology has been developed through sound classroom research which shows that "linked multiple representation are crucial in development of conceptual understanding and it is feasible only through use of a technology such as TI-Nspire, which provides simultaneous, dynamically linked representations of graphs, equations, data, and verbal explanations, such that a change in one representation is immediately reflected in the others.

For the young people in your life it is a great investment. Bought as a Christmas present but useful for many years to come as the young person turns into an A-level candidate then works their way through university. more...

Apple iPad Pro

The analytics show that more and more people are accessing Transum Mathematics via an iPad as it is so portable and responsive. The iPad has so many other uses in addition to solving Transum's puzzles and challenges and it would make an excellent gift for anyone.

The redesigned Retina display is as stunning to look at as it is to touch. It all comes with iOS, the world's most advanced mobile operating system. iPad Pro. Everything you want modern computing to be. more...

Before giving an iPad as a Christmas gift you could add a link to iPad Maths to the home screen.

Aristotle's Number Puzzle

It’s a bit of a tradition to give puzzles as Christmas Gifts to nieces and nephews. This puzzle is ideal for the keen puzzle solver who would like a challenge that will continue over the festive period (at least!).

This number puzzle involves nineteen numbers arranged into a hexagon. The goal of the puzzle is to rearrange the numbers so each of the fifteen rows add up to 38. It comes in a wooden style with an antique, aged look.

Keep the Maths in Christmaths with this reasonably priced stocking filler. more...

The Story Of Maths [DVD]

The films in this ambitious series offer clear, accessible explanations of important mathematical ideas but are also packed with engaging anecdotes, fascinating biographical details, and pivotal episodes in the lives of the great mathematicians. Engaging, enlightening and entertaining, the series gives viewers new and often surprising insights into the central importance of mathematics, establishing this discipline to be one of humanity s greatest cultural achievements. This DVD contains all four programmes from the BBC series.

Marcus du Sautoy's wonderful programmes make a perfect Christmas gift more...

Christmas Maths

This book provides a wealth of fun activities with a Christmas theme. Each photocopiable worksheet is matched to the Numeracy Strategy and compatible with the Scottish 5-14 Guidelines. This series is designed for busy teachers in the late Autumn term who are desperate for materials that are relevant and interesting and that can be completed with minimun supervision.

All the activities are suitable for use by class teachers, supply teachers, SEN teachers and classroom assistants and cover topics such as 'How many partridges did the true love give all together?' and 'Filling a sleigh with presents by rolling a dice!'. Children will have lots of fun working through the Christmas Maths themes but also gain valuable skills along the way.

A great source of ideas and another reasonably priced stocking filler. more...

A Compendium Of 	Mathematical Methods

A Compendium Of Mathematical Methods

How many different methods do you know to solve simultaneous equations? To multiply decimals? To find the nth term of a sequence?

A Compendium of Mathematical Methods brings together over one hundred different approaches from classrooms all over the world, giving curious mathematicians the opportunity to explore fascinating methods that they've never before encountered.

If you teach mathematics to any age group in any country, you are guaranteed to learn lots of new things from this delightful book. It will deepen your subject knowledge and enhance your teaching, whatever your existing level of expertise. It will inspire you to explore new approaches with your pupils and provide valuable guidance on explanations and misconceptions. more...

Math with Bad Drawings

I had been tutoring the wonderful Betsy for five years. When the day came for our last ever session together before the end of her Year 13, I received this beautiful book as a gift of appreciation.

This a very readable book by Ben Orlin. I'm really enjoying the humour in the writing and the drawings are great.

Ben Orlin answers maths' three big questions: Why do I need to learn this? When am I ever going to use it? Why is it so hard? The answers come in various forms-cartoons, drawings, jokes, and the stories and insights of an empathetic teacher who believes that mathematics should belong to everyone.

Click the images above to see all the details of these gift ideas and to buy them online.

Your access to the majority of the Transum resources continues to be free but you can help support the continued growth of the website by doing your Amazon shopping using the links on this page. Below is an Amazon search box and some items chosen and recommended by Transum Mathematics to get you started.


Online Maths Shop

Laptops In Lessons

Teacher, do your students have access to computers?
Do they have iPads or Laptops in Lessons?

Whether your students each have a TabletPC, a Surface or a Mac, this activity lends itself to eLearning (Engaged Learning).

Laptops In Lessons

Here a concise URL for a version of this page without the comments.

Here is the URL which will take them to a game that will help them practise the 110 times table.

Here is the URL which will take them to the most popular multiplication tables app.

Student Activity



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