FunctionsAn online exercise on function notation, inverse functions and composite functions. 
This is level 5, simplify the composite functions. You can earn a trophy if you get at least 9 correct and you do this activity online.
Here are the functions to be used in the questions that follow.
\(f(x) = 3x+4\), \(g(x) = 4x^2\) and \(h(x) = 3  3x\)
InstructionsTry your best to answer the questions above. Type your answers into the boxes provided leaving no spaces. As you work through the exercise regularly click the "check" button. If you have any wrong answers, do your best to do corrections but if there is anything you don't understand, please ask your teacher for help. When you have got all of the questions correct you may want to print out this page and paste it into your exercise book. If you keep your work in an ePortfolio you could take a screen shot of your answers and paste that into your Maths file. 



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www.transum.org/Maths/Exercise/Functions.asp?Level=5
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Level 1  Describe function machines using function notation.
Level 2  Evaluate the given functions.
Level 3  Solve the equations given in function notation.
Level 4  Find the inverse of the given functions.
Level 5  Simplify the composite functions.
Level 6  Mixed questions.
Exam Style questions are in the style of GCSE or IB/Alevel exam paper questions and worked solutions are available for Transum subscribers.
The following notes are intended to be a reminder or revision of the concepts and are not intended to be a substitute for a teacher or good textbook.
Function notation is quite different to the algebraic notation you have learnt involving brackets. \(f(x)\) does not mean the value of f multiplied by the value of x. In this case f is the name of the function and you would read \(f(x) = x^2\) as "f of x equals x squared".
In terms of function machines, if the input is \(x\) then the output is \(f(x)\).
Example
\(x \to \)\( + 3 \)\( \to \)\( \times 4 \)\( \to f(x)\)
In this case 3 is added to \(x\) and then the result is multiplied by 4 to give \(f(x)\)
\( (x+3) \times 4 = f(x) \)
\( f(x) = 4(x+3) \)
Example
if \(f(x)=x^2 + 3\) calculate the value of \(f(6)\)
This means replace the \(x\) with a 6 in the given function to obtain the result.
\(f(6) = 6^2+3\)
\(f(6) = 39\)
Example
\(f(x)=3(x+7) \) find \(x\) if \(f(x) = 30\)
\(3(x+7)=30\)
\(x+7 = 10\)
\(x = 3\)
The inverse of a function, written as \(f^{1}(x) \) can be thought of as a way to 'undo' the function. If the function is written as a function machine, the inverse can be thought of as working backwards with the output becomming the input and the input becoming the output.
Example
\( f(x) = 4(x+3) \)
\(x \to \)\( + 3 \)\( \to \)\( \times 4 \)\( \to f(x)\)
\( f^{1}(x) \leftarrow \)\(  3 \)\( \leftarrow \)\( \div 4 \)\( \leftarrow x \)
\( f^{1}(x) = \frac{x}{4}  3 \)
A quicker way of finding the inverse of \(f(x)\) is to replace the \(f(x)\) with \(x\) on the left side of the equals sign and replace the \(x\) with \( f^{1}(x) \) on the right side of the equals sign. Then rearrange the equation to make \( f^{1}(x) \) the subject.
A composite function contains two functions combined into a single function. One function is applied to the result of the other function. You should evaluate the function closest to \(x\) first.
Example
if \(f(x)=2x+7\) and \(g(x)=5x^2\) find \(fg(3)\)
\(g(3) = 5 \times 3^2\)
\(g(3) = 5 \times 9\)
\(g(3) = 45\)
\(f(45) = 2 \times 45 + 7\)
\(f(45) = 97\)
so \( fg(3) = 97\)
Example
if \(f(x)=x+2\) and \(g(x)=3x^2\) find \(gf(x)\)
\( gf(x) = 3(x+2)^2\)
\( gf(x) = 3(x^2+4x+4) \)
\( gf(x) = 3x^2+12x+12 \)
Example
Find \(f(x2)\) if \(f(x)=5x^2+3\)
\(f(x2) =5(x2)^2+3\)
\(f(x2) =5(x^24x+4)+3\)
\(f(x2) =5x^220x+20+3\)
\(f(x2) =5x^220x+23\)
TInSpire:
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