Formal Written Methods

Examples of formal written methods for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

The following examples show formal written methods for all four operations to illustrate the range of methods that could be taught. It is not intended to be an exhaustive list, nor is it intended to show progression in formal written methods. For example, the exact position of intermediate calculations (superscript and subscript digits) will vary depending on the method and format used.

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Examples above reproduced under the terms of the UK Open Government Licence. Reference: DFE-00180-2013

Extract from the UK Year 6 programme of study:

Pupils should be taught to:

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