Tree DiagramsCalculate the probability of independent and dependent combined events using tree diagrams. 
1. In a box there are two red balls and five yellow balls. On Monday Adrian picked a ball at random from the box, played with it then put it back. On Tuesday he picked a ball at random from the box.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability that on both days he picked a red ball? ^{}/_{}
c) What is the probability that on both days he picked a yellow ball? ^{}/_{}
d) Calculate the probability that on Monday he picked a red ball and on Tuesday he picked a yellow ball.^{}/_{}
Red
Yellow
Red
Yellow
Red
Yellow
2. In a round tin there are three cream cakes and six plain cakes. In a square based tin there are five cream cakes and seven plain cakes. The tree diagram shows the probabilities of picking one cake from each tin.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of picking two cream cakes? ^{}/_{}
c) What is the probability of picking two plain cakes? ^{}/_{}
d) Calculate the probability of picking two different types of cake.^{}/_{}
Cream
Plain
Cream
Plain
Cream
Plain
3. In a packet there are four lemon sweets and three lime sweets. This morning Adrian ate one sweet from the packet before breakfast and he ate another after breakfast. Both sweets were picked randomly from what was in the packet at the time.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of picking two lemon sweets? ^{}/_{}
c) What is the probability of picking a lemon sweet followed by a lime sweet? ^{}/_{}
d) Calculate the probability of picking a lime sweet followed by a lemon sweet?.^{}/_{}
Lemon
Lime
Lemon
Lime
Lemon
Lime
4. The probability that the first bus is late is \( \frac{1}{10}\). If the first bus is late, the probability of the second bus being late is \( \frac{1}{9}\) otherwise it is \( \frac{1}{8}\) (buses are either on time or late, they are never early!).
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of both buses being late? ^{}/_{}
c) What is the probability of both buses being on time? ^{}/_{}
d) What is the probability of at least one bus being on time? ^{}/_{}
Late
On Time
Late
On Time
Late
On Time
5. In a bag there are two red, three blue and four green counters. Two counters are taken out and not replaced.
a) Complete the tree diagram.
b) What is the probability of both counters being red? ^{}/_{}
c) What is the probability of both counters not being red? ^{}/_{}
d) What is the probability of at least one counter being red? ^{}/_{}
Red
Not red
Red
Not red
Red
Not red
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Mathematicians are not the people who find Maths easy; they are the people who enjoy how mystifying, puzzling and hard it is. Are you a mathematician? Comment recorded on the 19 October 'Starter of the Day' page by E Pollard, Huddersfield: "I used this with my bottom set in year 9. To engage them I used their name and favorite football team (or pop group) instead of the school name. For homework, I asked each student to find a definition for the key words they had been given (once they had fun trying to guess the answer) and they presented their findings to the rest of the class the following day. They felt really special because the key words came from their own personal information." Comment recorded on the 28 May 'Starter of the Day' page by L Smith, Colwyn Bay: "An absolutely brilliant resource. Only recently been discovered but is used daily with all my classes. It is particularly useful when things can be saved for further use. Thank you!" 


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Level 1  Basic Tree Diagram questions
Level 2  A challenging puzzle that can be solved with the aid of a tree diagram
Level 3  GCSE and IB examstyle questions involving tree diagrams
This video explains how to use tree diagrams to solve probability questions and is from Corbettmaths.
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