# Magic Square

## A Maths Starter of The Day

Arrange the numbers in the green cells to make a magic square.
The totals of each row, column and diagonal should be the same.

Congratulations that is correct!

Are there any other ways to make a magic square using these numbers?

The totals of each row, column and diagonal should be the same. Try again.

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Topics: Starter | Arithmetic

• Transum,
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• Teachers can vary the difficulty of this starter. Classes requiring more support could be told the line total (15) and the teacher could drag some numbers into position to give the students a less difficult problem to solve. Answers can be found below and a self marking student version of this activity, for which the students can earn trophies, can also be found by following the link near the bottom of this page.
• Mrs Boussouara's Maths Class S1, Holyrood Secondary School Gasgow
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• Mrs Boussouara's first year class thought this was hard but Charelle got the corrct answer. Well done Charelle!!
• Mrs Dumble, Shanghai United International School, China
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• This was the first magic square for Mrs Dumble's class. We also talked about Lewis Carrol and his diagrams. Well done Lancelot!!

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This starter has scored a mean of 3.2 out of 5 based on 1092 votes.

Previous Day | This starter is for 14 May | Next Day

There are eight solutions. Are they all completely different?

 2 7 6 9 5 1 4 3 8

 2 9 4 7 5 3 6 1 8

 4 3 8 9 5 1 2 7 6

 4 9 2 3 5 7 8 1 6
 6 1 8 7 5 3 2 9 4

 6 7 2 1 5 9 8 3 4

 8 1 6 3 5 7 4 9 2

 8 3 4 1 5 9 6 7 2

A magic square features in Dan Brown's The Lost Symbol. It is the Order Eight Franklin Square which was first published in 1769 by American scientist Benjamin Franklin.

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 Teacher, do your students have access to computers?Do they have iPads or Laptops in Lessons? Whether your students each have a TabletPC, a Surface or a Mac, this activity lends itself to eLearning (Engaged Learning).

Transum.org/go/?Start=May14

Here is the URL which will take them to a multi-level version of this activity.

Transum.org/go/?to=Magic

#### Magic Square

This is the pupil version of the Magic Square activity which has a number of levels to suit a range of abilities.

Transum.org/go/?to=magic

#### Unmagic Square

This activity is similar to the Magic Square challenge but all of the totals should be different.

Transum.org/go/?to=unmagic

#### Magic Square Puzzle

Find all of the possible ways of making the magic total from the numbers in this four by four magic square.

Transum.org/go/?to=magicsquarepuzzle

Here are the oldest magic squares we know of:

The Lo Shu square on the back of a small turtle in the centre, surrounded by the signs of the Chinese Zodiac and the Eight trigrams, all carried by a large turtle

This famous 4 by 4 magic square above can be seen in the picture below. Melencolia I is an engraving by the German Renaissance master Albrecht Dürer.

For Students:

For All: