T | H | R | E | E | |

T | H | R | E | E | |

+ | F | O | U | R | |

E | L | E | V | E | N |

Can you find digits to replace the letters to make this sum correct?

Note to teacher: If you are presenting this puzzle to your class using a projector you can slowly scroll down the step by step guide below giving clues that might enable your students to finish off the puzzle for themselves.

There is no standard way to solve a problem like this. Each one is quite different in structure and will have its own clues; but having said that here is an example of how to solve this particular challenge which may give you ideas for solving others.

We should assume that each letter stands for a different digit.

1. The first thing to notice is that the bottom line has six digits. When the two Ts are added together the answer caused a digit to be carried. This carried digit is most likely a one though there is a small possibility it could be a 2. Lets go with one and backtrack to here if it does not work out.

T | H | R | 1 | 1 | |

T | H | R | 1 | 1 | |

+ | F | O | U | R | |

1 | L | 1 | V | 1 | N |

2. Looking at the tens column, to produce a digit one in the bottom line, the U must be a nine unless there is a digit carried from the units column. Lets go with nine and backtrack to here if it does not work out.

T | H | R | 1 | 1 | |

T | H | R | 1 | 1 | |

+ | F | O | 9 | R | |

1 | L | 1 | V | 1 | N |

It may be useful to keep a record of the letters involved in the puzzle and the possible digits they could stand for:

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | |

T | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

H | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

R | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

E | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

F | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

O | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

U | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ |

L | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

V | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||||

N | ✗ | ✗ |

3. Now it is a little more difficult to spot any certainties though we can see that if R is even then N is also even (and the inverse).

Let's make a guess and see how far it takes us. We'll start with the units column as there won't be any carried numbers to worry about.

Our guess for R will be the smallest digit it could possibly be, zero. If that is not correct and we get stuck further along we can always backtrack to this point and change our guess to the next smallest digit and so on.

If R is zero then N must be 2.

At this point be careful you don't get the letter O and the digit zero confused. We will use the slashed zero, Ø, to avoid confusion.

T | H | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

T | H | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

+ | F | O | 9 | Ø | |

1 | L | 1 | V | 1 | 2 |

The table is updated with this information.

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | |

T | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

H | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

R | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

E | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

F | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

O | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

U | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ |

L | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

V | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||||

N | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

By working through the columns from right to left we can deal with the carried numbers as they appear.

4. Let's make another guess. This time for the letter O. We can see from the table that the smallest digit it could possibly be is a three. If that is not correct and we get stuck further along we can always backtrack to this point and change our guess to the next smallest digit and so on.

If O is 3 then V must be four as one is carried over from the 10s column.

T | H | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

T | H | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

+ | F | 3 | 9 | Ø | |

1 | L | 1 | 4 | 1 | 2 |

The table is updated with this information.

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | |

T | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||

H | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||

R | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

E | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

F | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||

O | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

U | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ |

L | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||||

V | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

N | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

5. Let's make another guess. This time for the letter H. We can see from the table that the smallest digit it could possibly be is a five.

If H is five, F would have to be one to produce the given column total but we have already assigned the digit one so H cannot be five. Let's backtrack.

We can see from the table that the next smallest digit it could possibly be is a six.

If H is six, F would have to be nine to produce the given column total but we have already assigned the digit nine so H cannot be six. Let's backtrack.

We can see from the table that the next smallest digit it could possibly be is a seven.

If H is seven, F would have to also be seven to produce the given column total but we cannot assign the same digit to two different letters. Let's backtrack.

We can see from the table that the only other possible choice for the letter H is eight.

If H is eight, F would have to be five:

T | 8 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

T | 8 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

+ | 5 | 3 | 9 | Ø | |

1 | L | 1 | 4 | 1 | 2 |

The table is updated with this information.

0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | |

T | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||

H | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ |

R | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

E | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

F | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

O | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

U | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ |

L | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ||

V | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

N | ✗ | ✗ | ✓ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ | ✗ |

6. Let's now guess the letter T. We can see from the table that the smallest digit it could possibly be is a six.

Two sixes with the two carried from the thousands column makes 14 but L cannot be four as that digit has already been assigned. Let's backtrack.

The only remaining possibility is that T is seven making L equal to six.

7 | 8 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

7 | 8 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

+ | 5 | 3 | 9 | Ø | |

1 | 6 | 1 | 4 | 1 | 2 |

Here are some other solutions found by making different guesses in the process above. Can you find any others?

8 | 4 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

8 | 4 | Ø | 1 | 1 | |

+ | 3 | 5 | 9 | Ø | |

1 | 7 | 1 | 6 | 1 | 2 |

7 | 4 | 6 | 1 | 1 | |

7 | 4 | 6 | 1 | 1 | |

+ | 2 | Ø | 9 | 6 | |

1 | 5 | 1 | 3 | 1 | 8 |

4 | 6 | 5 | 1 | 1 | |

4 | 6 | 5 | 1 | 1 | |

+ | 8 | 2 | 9 | 5 | |

1 | Ø | 1 | 3 | 1 | 7 |

Here are some other word sums to try:

Finally here is the URL which will take you to a code cracking activity.

Your access to the majority of the Transum resources continues to be free but you can help support the continued growth of the website by doing your Amazon shopping using the links on this page. Below is an Amazon search box and some items chosen and recommended by Transum Mathematics to get you started.

## Have you read Craig's book yet?Craig Barton must surely be the voice of Mathematics teachers in the UK. His wonderful podcasts interviewing the industry experts have culminated in this wonderful book. As Craig says: "I genuinely believe I have never taught mathematics better, and my students have never learned more. I just wish I had known all of this twelve years ago..." more... "How I wish I'd taught Maths" is an extraordinary and important book. Part guide to research, part memoir, part survival handbook, it’s a wonderfully accessible guide to the latest research on teaching mathematics, presented in a disarmingly honest and readable way. I know of no other book that presents as much usable research evidence on the dos and don’ts of mathematics teaching in such a clear and practical way. No matter how long you have been doing it, if you teach mathematics—from primary school to university—this book is for you." Dylan Wiliam, Emeritus Professor of Educational Assessment, UCL. |

## Casio Classwiz CalculatorThere is currently a lot of talk about this new calculator being the best in its price range for use in the Maths classroom. The new ClassWiz features a high-resolution display making it easier to view numerical formulas and symbols but it isn't a graphical calculator as such (it has the capacity to draw graphs on your smart phone or tablet, via a scannable QR code and an app). As well as basic spreadsheet mode and an equation solving feature you also get the ability to solve quadratic, cubic or quartic polynomial inequalities and the answer is given just as it should be written down, using the correct inequality symbols! This calculator has a high-performance processor and twice the memory of previous models ensuring speedy operation and superior computational power.more... |

## Hello WorldYou are buying a (driverless) car. One vehicle is programmed to save as many lives as possible in a collision. Another promises to prioritize the lives of its passengers. Which do you choose? Welcome to the age of the algorithm, the story of a not-too-distant future where machines rule supreme, making important decisions – in healthcare, transport, finance, security, what we watch, where we go even who we send to prison. So how much should we rely on them? What kind of future do we want? Hannah Fry takes us on a tour of the good, the bad and the downright ugly of the algorithms that surround us. In Hello World she lifts the lid on their inner workings, demonstrates their power, exposes their limitations, and examines whether they really are an improvement on the humans they are replacing. |

Do you have any comments? It is always useful to receive feedback and helps make this free resource even more useful for those learning Mathematics anywhere in the world. Click here to enter your comments.